Prostate cancer is cancer of the prostate gland. Most prostate cancers are diagnosed in those who are older than 65.
This disease disproportionately affects Black people, who are more likely to have prostate cancer than white or Hispanic people.
For localized or regional prostate cancers, the five-year survival rate is close to 100%.
If you have a prostate gland and you are at average risk, start talking to your health care provider at age 50 about the pros and cons, uncertainties and risks of prostate cancer screening. You may need to have that talk earlier if:
Early detection of prostate cancer followed by prompt treatment saves lives; however, some people are treated for prostate cancers that will never cause them harm, and they must live with any side effects or complications of the treatment.
If you have a prostate gland, you are at increased risk for prostate cancer if you:
For localized or regional prostate cancers, the five-year survival rate is close to 100%
There are usually no symptoms in the early stages. Some people experience symptoms that include:
Symptoms like these may also be caused by other health problems, including an enlarged prostate or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).
Current treatment options vary, depending on the stage of the cancer and your other medical conditions.
Treatments include surgery, radiation or hormone therapy. Sometimes treatments are combined.
Some prostate cancers grow very slowly and do not require immediate treatment. In these cases, you and your health care provider may decide on “active surveillance” with regular follow-ups, usually every three to six months. This option should be open to reassessment, as your condition or concerns may change.