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Cancer screenings and prevention

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This information will help you and your health care provider decide which cancer screenings you need, when to begin screening and how often you should be screened. 

20s | 30s | 40s | 50s | 60s | 70s | 80s

 

All ages

Talk with your health care provider about any personal or family history of cancer or other risk factors to determine if you should begin cancer screenings at an earlier age or be tested more frequently. Having one or more family members with a history of certain cancers, including breast, colorectal, and prostate, may place you at higher risk for the development of cancer.

 

20s  

  • CERVICAL CANCER SCREENING: If you have a cervix, begin cervical cancer screening at age 21. In your 20s this is a Pap test every 3 years.
  • ORAL CANCER SCREENING: Visit your dentist every 6 months and ask for an oral cancer exam.
  • If you haven’t been vaccinated against the human papillomavirus (HPV), talk with your health care provider about getting vaccinated now. HPV can cause at least 6 types of cancer and the HPV vaccine can protect against it and is recommended up to age 26.
  • If you haven’t been vaccinated against hepatitis B, a leading cause liver cancer, talk with your health care provider about getting vaccinated now. The vaccine is recommended up to age 59 for those at average risk. 
  • Get tested at least once for hepatitis C, a leading cause of liver cancer, between ages of 18-79.
  • SKIN CANCER CHECK: Get an annual skin cancer check.
  • TESTICULAR CANCER CHECK: If you have testicles, ask your health care provider to examine them during your routine physical and learn about self-exams. Performing a self-exam can help you get to know what is normal for you. If you notice a change, see your health care provider right away.

 

30s 

  • CERVICAL CANCER SCREENING: If you have a cervix, get screened for cervical cancer with a Pap test combined with an HPV test every 5 years (co-testing), an HPV test every 5 years, or a Pap test every 3 years.  
  • ORAL CANCER SCREENING: Visit your dentist every 6 months and ask for an oral cancer exam.
  • If you haven’t been vaccinated against hepatitis B, a leading cause of liver cancer, talk with your health care provider about getting vaccinated now. The vaccine is recommended up to age 59 for those at average risk.
  • Get tested at least once for hepatitis C, a leading cause of liver cancer, between ages 18-79.   
  • SKIN CANCER CHECK: Get an annual skin cancer check.   
  • TESTICULAR CANCER CHECK: If you have testicles, ask your health care provider to examine them during your routine physical and learn about self-exams. Performing a self-exam can help you get to know what is normal for you. If you notice a change, see your health care provider right away.

 

40s 

  • BREAST CANCER SCREENING: If you were assigned female at birth, get screened annually for breast cancer beginning at age 40. If you are transgender, talk with your health care provider about breast cancer screening.  
  • CERVICAL CANCER SCREENING: If you have a cervix, screen for cervical cancer with a Pap test combined with an HPV test every 5 years (co-testing), an HPV test every 5 years, or a Pap test every 3 years.  
  • COLORECTAL CANCER SCREENING: Begin colorectal cancer screening at age 45. Talk with your health care provider about screening test options and intervals.  
  • PROSTATE CANCER SCREENING: If you have a prostate gland and are Black, talk with your health care provider about the pros and cons of prostate cancer screening beginning at age 45.
  • ORAL CANCER SCREENING: Visit your dentist every 6 months and ask for an oral cancer exam.
  • If you haven’t been vaccinated against hepatitis B, a leading cause of liver cancer, talk with your health care provider about getting vaccinated now. The vaccine is recommended up to age 59 for those at average risk. 
  • Get tested at least once for hepatitis C, a leading cause of liver cancer, between ages 18-79.   
  • SKIN CANCER CHECK: Get an annual skin cancer check.   
  • TESTICULAR CANCER CHECK: If you have testicles, ask your health care provider to examine them during your routine physical and talk with them about self-exams. Performing a self-exam can help you get to know what is normal for you. If you notice a change, see your health care provider right away.

 

50s

  • BREAST CANCER SCREENING: If you were assigned female at birth, get screened annually for breast cancer. If you are transgender, talk with your health care provider about breast cancer screening.
  • CERVICAL CANCER SCREENING: If you have a cervix, screen for cervical cancer with a Pap test combined with an HPV test (co-testing) every 5 years, an HPV test every 5 years, or a Pap test every 3 years.  
  • COLORECTAL CANCER SCREENING: Get screened for colorectal cancer. Talk with your health care provider about screening test options and intervals.  
  • LUNG CANCER SCREENING: If you smoke or have quit within the past 15 years and have at least a 20 pack-year history (equal to a pack a day for 20 years), talk with your health care provider about getting screened for lung cancer.  
  • PROSTATE CANCER SCREENING: If you have a prostate gland, talk with your health care provider about the pros and cons of prostate cancer screening beginning at age 50.
  • ORAL CANCER SCREENING: Visit your dentist every 6 months and ask for an oral cancer exam.
  • If you haven’t been vaccinated against hepatitis B (HBV), talk with your health care provider about getting vaccinated now. The vaccine is recommended up to age 59 for those at average risk. 
  • Get tested at least once for hepatitis C, a leading cause of liver cancer, between ages 18-79.  
  • SKIN CANCER CHECK: Get an annual skin check.
  • TESTICULAR CANCER CHECK: If you have testicles, ask your health care provider to examine them during your routine physical and talk with them about self-exams. Performing a self-exam can help you get to know what is normal for you. If you notice a change, see your health care provider right away.

 

60s

  • BREAST CANCER SCREENING: If you were assigned female at birth, get screened annually for breast cancer. If you are transgender, talk with your health care provider about breast cancer screening.
  • CERVICAL CANCER SCREENING: If you have a cervix, screen for cervical cancer with a Pap test combined with an HPV test (co-testing) every 5 years, an HPV test every 5 years, or a Pap test every 3 years up to age 65. Speak with your health care provider to determine if screening is recommended for you after age 65.  
  • COLORECTAL CANCER SCREENING: Get screened for colorectal cancer. Talk with your health care provider about screening test options and intervals.  
  • LUNG CANCER SCREENING: If you smoke or have quit within the past 15 years and have at least a 20 pack-year history (equal to a pack a day for 20 years), talk with your health care provider about getting screened for lung cancer.  
  • PROSTATE CANCER SCREENING: If you have a prostate gland, talk with your health care provider about the pros and cons of prostate cancer screening.
  • ORAL CANCER SCREENING: Visit your dentist every 6 months and ask for an oral cancer exam.
  • If you haven’t been vaccinated against hepatitis B, a leading cause of liver cancer, talk with your health care provider about whether you have factors that place you at high risk. The vaccine is recommended for those age 60 and over if at high risk. 
  • Get tested at least once for hepatitis C, a leading cause of liver cancer, between ages 18-79.   
  • SKIN CANCER CHECK: Get an annual skin cancer check.  
  • TESTICULAR CANCER CHECK: If you have testicles, ask your health care provider to examine them during your routine physical and talk with them about self-exams. Performing a self-exam can help you get to know what is normal for you. If you notice a change, see your health care provider right away.

 

70s 

  • BREAST CANCER SCREENING: If you were assigned female at birth, get screened annually for breast cancer. If you are transgender, talk with your health care provider about breast cancer screening.
  • CERVICAL CANCER SCREENING: If you have a cervix, speak with your health care provider to determine if cervical cancer screening is recommended for you after age 65.  
  • COLORECTAL CANCER SCREENING: Get screened for colorectal cancer until age 75. Talk with your health care provider about screening test options and intervals. 
  • ORAL CANCER SCREENING: Visit your dentist every 6 months and ask for an oral cancer exam.
  • LUNG CANCER SCREENING: If you smoke or have quit within the past 15 years and have at least a 20 pack-year history (equal to a pack a day for 20 years), talk with your health care provider about getting screened for lung cancer.   
  • PROSTATE CANCER SCREENING: If you have a prostate gland, talk to your health care provider about screening for prostate cancer. 
  • If you haven’t been vaccinated against hepatitis B, a leading cause of liver cancer, talk with your health care provider about whether you have factors that place you at high risk. The vaccine is recommended for those age 60 and over if at high risk. 
  • Get tested at least once for hepatitis C, a leading cause of liver cancer, between ages 18-79.   
  • SKIN CANCER CHECK: Get an annual skin cancer check.  
  • TESTICULAR CANCER CHECK: If you have testicles, ask your health care provider to examine them during your routine physical and talk with them about self-exams. Performing a self-exam can help you get to know what is normal for you. If you notice a change, see your health care provider right away.

 

80s 

  • Talk with your health care provider about which cancer screenings you should undergo.  

 

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