Each year, more than 13,200 women are diagnosed with invasive cervical cancer (cancer that has spread from the surface of the cervix to tissue deeper in the cervix or to other body parts) and more than 4,200 die from the disease.
Cervical cancer used to be one of the most common causes of cancer death in women in the United States. Since the introduction of the Pap test (also called a Pap smear) more than 50 years ago, the rate of death from cervical cancer has decreased dramatically.
Precancerous conditions of the cervix do not usually cause symptoms and are only detected with a pelvic exam and a Pap test.
Talk with your health care professional right now if you experience any of the following symptoms:
Cervical cancer usually does not show symptoms until later stages. Pelvic exams, Pap tests, and HPV tests are key to early detection.
Cervical cancer is highly preventable in most Western countries because screening tests and a vaccine to prevent human papillomavirus (HPV) infections are available. When cervical cancer is found early, it is highly treatable and associated with long survival and good quality of life.
Cervical cancer is the easiest gynecologic cancer to prevent, with regular screening tests and follow-up. Two screening tests can help prevent cervical cancer or find it early—
Cervical cancer is treated through surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy. These therapies may be given alone or in combination with one another.
Treatment depends on the stage of the cancer, the type of tumor cells and your medical condition.